Cloning is described as the intentional creation of genetically exact duplicates of an organism. Each resulting individual is a copy of the original. It is possible to create children who are exact copies of one another through DNA cloning. There are various techniques and methods used in order to create a clone. Cloning has great scientific and economic potential.

 

Nucleic acid (DNA) can be used to create clones from an individual cell’s nucleus. The DNA is carried within the nucleus on the chromosomes of every cell in the body. Once the DNA has been created, it is passed along to the next stage of cloning. The nucleus from an egg is used for creating a clone. The procedure may be done with or without the egg and it may be performed with a living cell instead of an egg.




In order to understand the process of cloning, it is important to examine the different types of somatic cell cloning that have been developed. The somatic cell clones are created when somatic cells are induced into an egg through fertilization. In this process, the egg becomes the mother of the clones. This is considered to be the most highly successful method of cloning with the highest percentage of success.

 

Gestational cloning is another form of somatic cell cloning. In this process, eggs are fertilized with sperm from the male. After the fertilization, the eggs are implanted into the womb of the mother. A gestational clone is created when the cells from the male and female don’t mix. The mixing of these two cells creates a situation wherein the new egg produced is not the true egg of the mother. Instead, it is considered to be a false cell that results from a different process.

 

Artificial insemination and embryo splitting are the methods used in order to create gametes, which can then be used in conception. Artificial insemination involves the injection of specially selected sperm into the female of the intended pregnancy. Once the sperm reaches the ovum, it is protected by the body and allows it to travel into the fallopian tubes where it fertilizes the egg. After fertilization, the new zygote is developed and it is released into the uterus. Since the fertilized egg is not the genuine egg of the mother, there is no chance of causing harm to the embryo.

 

Embryonic biopsy is another method of creating cloned embryos. This process requires the removal of a small number of cells from the patient’s somatic cells using a microscopic needle. These cells are then injected back into the patient so that a cloned embryo can grow into a person. This technique is extremely successful because it leaves behind only a few cells that contain the DNA necessary for cloning. Once this is done, it is possible to clone a person.